The term test coverage used in the context of programming / software engineering, refers to measuring how much a software program has been exercised by tests. Coverage is a means of determining the rigour with which the question underlying the test has been answered. There are many kinds of test coverage:
- requirements coverage,
- code coverage,
- feature coverage,
- scenario coverage,
- screen item coverage,
- model coverage.
Requirements coverage analysis determines how well the requirements-based testing verified the implementation of the software requirements and establishes traceability between the software requirements and test cases. The requirement coverage ensures:
- Did we get a test for each requirement?
- The requirements are being tested and brings visibility to the results of the tests.
- Establish the traceability between requirements and test cases.
In computer science, code coverage is a percentage measure of the degree to which the source code of a program is executed when a particular test suite is run.
There are different level of code coverages:
- Statement Coverage
- Condition/Decision Coverage
- Modified condition/decision coverage (MC/DC)
Has each statement in the program been executed?
Every point of entry and exit in the program has been invoked at least once, every condition in a decision in the program has taken all possible outcomes at least once, and every decision in the program has taken all possible outcomes at least once.
Modified condition/decision coverage
Every point of entry and exit in the program has been invoked at least once, every condition in a decision in the program has taken all possible outcomes at least once, and each condition has been shown to affect that decision outcome independently. A condition is shown to affect a decision’s outcome independently by varying just that condition while holding fixed all other possible conditions. The condition/decision criterion does not guarantee the coverage of all conditions in the module because in many test cases, some conditions of a decision are masked by the other conditions. Using the modified condition/decision criterion, each condition must be shown to be able to act on the decision outcome by itself, everything else being held fixed. The MC/DC criterion is thus much stronger than the condition/decision coverage.