Idea: Bass et al., 2021

Background: The system monitors patients several health and vitality parameters (e.g. heartbeat frequency and amplitude, blood flow in coronary artery etc)

Stimulus: A sensor in the patient monitoring system fails to report a life-critical value after 100 ms.

Reaction: The failure is logged, a warning light is illuminated on the console, and a backup (lower-fidelity) sensor is engaged.

Metric: The system monitors the patient using the backup sensor after no more than 300 ms.